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Eco tourism in brazil

ecoDestinations  October 4, 2017 – 11:43 am
Ecotourism in Brazil

Brazil is the 5th largest country in the world and is full of awe inspiring natural and cultural beauty. There’s a huge list of things to do: trek within the Amazon, surf new waves, dive shipwrecks, learn about important archaeological discoveries, explore Iguaçu Falls, ride on horseback along the beach, find the perfect place to relax and renew, go after views that take your breath away, gaze at birds in the Pantanal, discover local cuisine, dance to the sounds of samba…so many destinations and so many possibilities. Experience them all sustainably.

Biodiversity:

Brazil measures 8.5 million square kilometers, 7% of which is under conservation protection. It is one of the world’s 17 megadiverse countries, containing 70% of the world’s animal and plant species and a great number of endemic species. The main threats to biodiversity are loss of habitat, introduction of invasive species and exotic illnesses, overexploitation of plants and animals, pollution, and climate change. According to the 2006 Red List of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Brazil has 339 endangered wildlife species, including the black-faced lion tamarin, the Northern Bahian blond titi monkey, the giant armadillo, the maned three-toed sloth, and the white-whiskered spider monkey.

Natural Brazil: Breakdown of Brazil's Major Biomes
From the Amazon, the largest rainforest in the world, to Pantanal, the largest wetlands in the world, Brazil's natural and marine landscapes feature a diverse range of ecosystems, all with unique ecotourism opportunities.

THE AMAZON - The Largest Rainforest in the World: The mythical Amazon can only be described in superlatives. It covers an area of 5 million square kilometers of which 60% is on Brazilian territory. It is the largest and most intact rainforest region in the world. Unfortunately, if the agricultural and timber industries are maintained at the current levels, the forest cover will continue to be reduced at alarming rates.

PANTANAL - The Largest Wetlands in the World:In the center of the South American continent lies the largest wetlands in the world: the Pantanal. It is home to a wealth of exotic wildlife species including spoonbills, chaco chachalacas, coatis, jabiru, and rheas. It displays an enormous amount of ecological sub-regions, such as river corridors, gallery forests, lakes, and grasslands. The area is under threat from extensive cattle ranching.

THE ATLANTIC FOREST - The Forgotten Rainforest of Brazil: The Atlantic Forest is one of the most threatened rainforests in the world. It used to stretch all along the Brazilian coast, occupying an area of about 1.1 million square kilometers. Now less than 10% remains. Most of the forest cover in the states north of Salvador is gone.

Source: www.ecotourism.org

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